Prevalence of Hepatitis B among Food Vendors in Wurukum Market, Makurdi Benue State

Main Article Content

V. U. Obisike
C. M. Uke
E. U. Amuta

Abstract

Hepatitis B is a life threatening infectious liver disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HBV among food vendors in Wurukum, a highly commercial section of metropolitan Makurdi in Benue State. The test was carried out with the use of an immunochromatographic  micropoint HBsAg test strips and a HBsAg  buffer screen for the virus. Out of the 250 non-vaccinated food vendors sampled, 27(10.8%) had HBV infection, with more in males (21.7%) than in females (6.6%). No significant difference (p>0.05) was found among age groups in spite of the observed highest prevalence of 14.3% among the 20-29 year olds. Therefore, the need for routine screening cannot be overemphasized in spite of known risk factors among food vendors.

Keywords:
HBV, food vendors.

Article Details

How to Cite
Obisike, V. U., Uke, C. M., & Amuta, E. U. (2018). Prevalence of Hepatitis B among Food Vendors in Wurukum Market, Makurdi Benue State. South Asian Journal of Research in Microbiology, 2(3), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.9734/sajrm/2018/v2i329262
Section
Original Research Article